Victoria Kravtsova

Contact Information
How Important Is Geographical Agglomeration to Factory Efficiency in Japan\\\'s Man
Phone: +4591648902
Ph.D., Maastricht University
Year obtained/expected: 2007

Job Search Objective: As described in the following pages, I have a strong research and teaching portfolio that covers several broad areas including international trade, development, and international business. I have my PhD in International Economics, not International Relations, but my Ukrainian citizenship and the current events in Ukraine and particularly in the city where I am from, Donetsk, inspire me to refocus my research plans and apply my knowledge to the more general issues more related to the war in Ukraine. The three topics that I have explored most carefully in my research are the economics of foreign direct investment, innovation and productivity, and economic development in transition economies (with a special focus on Ukraine), although my publications also cover studies on trade policy, energy efficiency, agglomeration effects and externalities. My future research agenda is likely to have a stronger focus on services and international political economics issues. In particular, I expect to spend substantial time on two research issues in the next few years: the early internationalization of enterprises and the pattern of transaction costs in international trade. The first of these research themes was initiated in connection with my work on Japanese exports (see working paper with Ari Kokko in the publication list below), where I observed that many small and medium sized firms seem to internationalize in a very gradual manner: many companies spend years as “sporadic exporters” before they establish a permanent foreign market position. This clashes with extant theory, where there are discussions about stages of internationalization, but at a different level. The established questions refer to how far from home firms are able to go, and how committed they are to their international operations. The very gradual and hesitant processes in the early stages of internationalization, where a firm may focus on exports one year, only to be forced to retreat to the domestic market the next year, are not much discussed. The second research question emanates from some recent work looking at the role of distances in international business. The standard assumption in theory is that the seller is the active party and carries the various transaction costs involved in trade – it is the seller’s knowledge of foreign markets, languages, and cultures that determines how far away from home customers can be found. However, in many industries – perhaps even an increasing number of industries – it is not the seller but rather the buyer or a specialized intermediary that is the active party, seeking out potential suppliers in foreign countries. I am interested in exploring how this change in perceptions about who acts in international trade will influence theory and empirical results. In addition, I also hope to maintain some of my international collaborations focusing on Japan. Here, two areas are of particular interest. First, I am interested in exploring how productivity and agglomeration effects in Japan. Do highly populated provinces and cities like Tokyo or Osaka benefit from economies of scope? Second, Japan undertakes drastic reform in energy sector after the Fukushima crisis. I would like to explore the different features of energy efficiency in Japan using plant-level data for the analysis. The motives for submitting this application are professional as well as personal. During the past years, I have been engaged at one of the most productive and exciting departments at Copenhagen Business School, the Department of International Economics and Management. The research environment at this department has made it possible for me to combine my interests in international economics and international business in a fruitful manner, but working at CBS has presented some challenges that I had not fully expected. First and foremost, my 8-months contract as an Assistant Professor has not been extended due to the bureaucratic barriers within CBS as well as related to my non-EU citizenship as a Ukrainian. As a result I applied for the green card in Denmark, which allows me to live and work in Denmark for the next three years (until 04-12-2016). It opens possibility for me to apply for job to a greater range of academic and research institutions in Denmark. It has cost me staying out of employment during the application process, which took nor less than six months and, at the same time, positively contributing to my Danish language advances. Moreover, given my position as an outsider in the Danish academic environment, it has been difficult to attract local external funding for research. It is possible that this problem will diminish over time, as I gradually establish stronger presence in Denmark.

Fields of Specialization Research Area
International Trade
Firm Level - Productivity
Foreign Investment
Trade Policy - Regional

Bart VerspagenUn-Merit

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